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Terms of Use


Where copyright is held by IDRC

Unless otherwise stated, the copyright to material on this website is held by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).

IDRC permits reading, downloading, copying, redistributing, printing, linking and searching, for non-commercial or academic purposes, of any of its content, provided that credit and reference is given to IDRC and the original source page and, in the case of copying, redistribution or linking, that you inform IDRC of how the material is being used, as below. 

If you are copying, redistributing or linking to any IDRC content on this website for non-commercial and/or academic purposes, we would like to know. Please send an e-mail to with the complete URL of the content that you are using, as well as a description of use. 

Users must request and receive, at IDRC’s sole discretion, written permission from IDRC prior to making any commercial use of IDRC content on this website. Users intending to make commercial use must e-mail a permission request to Please be sure to include the complete URL of the material you are interested in using, as well as a description of intended use. 

IDRC content on this website may be freely reproduced for private, personal use. 

Where copyright is not held by IDRC

When copyright in content on this website is not held by IDRC, the copyright owner is specifically noted on the relevant page (for example, Copyright or © Name of Copyright holder, 2013). Where this is the case, and unless otherwise noted on the face of the content, all rights are reserved by the copyright holder and users wishing to make use of the material must contact the copyright holder directly for all requisite permissions. 


The opinions expressed in copyrighted materials are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Centre of Excellence for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems program, nor of the organizations represented on its Executive Committee. This includes IDRC, Global Affairs Canada, and World Bank Group employees, officers, or governors.

All copyrighted materials contained within this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute professional or expert advice or opinion in any way.  Materials are not guaranteed to be correct, up to date, or complete. By using this website, you are deemed to accept this. 

This website contains links to other websites for the convenience of users. These sites are not controlled by IDRC and IDRC is not responsible for their contents.

Website Usage


The use of this website, and these website terms of use, is/are governed by, and will be interpreted in accordance with, the laws of Ontario and Canada. 

By using this website you agree to be bound by these terms of use. 

IDRC reserves the right to make changes to these terms of use from time to time.

Privacy Notice

IDRC respects the privacy concerns of users of the Centre of Excellence for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems’ website.

This Privacy Notice explains how personal information that is collected from and about the visitors to this website is handled.

All personal information held or collected by IDRC is protected under Canada’s Privacy Act.

Information automatically collected from all users

Software programs automatically receive and temporarily store information in our web server logs. Some of the information automatically collected by our server when you browse our website includes:

  • The network location and the Internet Protocol (IP) address of the device you used to contact our website
  • The type of browser you used
  • The date and time you accessed the site
  • The pages you access and the documents you download


This website uses cookies to store user preferences (for example, language preference). Cookies allow us to capture information about how site visitors use our website – where they come from, what pages they visit and how much time they spent visiting. This information is compiled, analysed and used to enhance the user online experience at this website and to provide IDRC with information such as the number of visitors to the website.

A cookie is a small file containing a string of characters that is sent to your computer when you visit a website. When you visit the website again within a specified period of time, the cookie allows that site to recognize you as a return visitor. You can reset your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent.

Web Analytics

Web analytics is the collection, measurement, analysis and reporting of website data for purposes of understanding visitor behaviour and improving the website’s usefulness to its users.

This website uses Google Analytics and Crazy Egg Analytics to provide web analytics services. IDRC uses the visitor information captured by Google Analytics and Crazy Egg Analytics to improve the user experience of this website and to ensure the content on this website is presented in a manner that makes it easy for site visitors to find and act upon.

Google Analytics

Google Analytics uses both session cookies and persistent first-party cookies to track how our visitors use this site. Session cookies have no set expiration date. They are deleted from memory when the browser closes. Persistent cookies have a defined expiration date. The browser will only delete them when they expire (typically after six months).

Google Analytics collects standard Internet log information to track visitor behaviour information as follows:

  • Audience related data, including the city and country of origin, language preference, frequency of visits, all a visitor’s activity during a single session, and operating system, service provider and device used to access the site.
  • Traffic source data, including the ways visitors arrive at this website (for example search engines, referrals from other sites, marketing campaigns, and social media), keywords visitors entered into a search engine and that brought them to this website, and the landing and exit page used by which a visitors enters and leaves the site. 
  • Content related data, including measuring user visits and page views to determine the site’s most popular content, technical performance of the site as measured by such elements as average time taken to load a page and server speed, and technical performance broken down further by country and web browser.

The information generated by cookies about your use of this website (including your IP address, truncated to ensure your anonymity) is transmitted to Google. This information is used to compile statistical reports on the website’s activities and enhance the user online experience.

For more information about Google Analytics, please visit Those wishing to opt out of Google Analytics data collection should use the Google Analytics Opt-out Browser Add-on (

Crazy Egg Analytics

Crazy Egg Analytics uses first-party cookies to detect if visitors to the Centre of Excellence for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems’ website are returning visitors or first-time visitors. The default expiration date of the cookies is five years. This can be changed by setting a global JavaScript variable, as described here

Crazy Egg Analytics collects standard Internet log information and to track visitor behaviour information as follows:

  • Browser information
  • Operating system information
  • Mobile device information
  • IP Address
  • Geographic location
  • Time of visit
  • Data on users’ actions or activities
  • Data on users’ activities immediately prior to visiting this website

The information generated by cookies about use of this website (including the IP addresses of visitors) is transmitted to Crazy Egg. This information is used by IDRC to compile statistical reports on the Centre of Excellence for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics’ website’s activities and enhance the user online experience.

For more information about Crazy Egg’s Privacy Policy, please visit Those wishing to opt-out of Crazy Egg Analytics data collection should use Note that the opt-out is only valid on the Internet browser and computer that the visitor used to opt-out, so the opt-out link will need to be revisited in order to reset opt-out preferences if a new Internet browser or computer are used to access our website. 

Crazy Egg may share visitor information it collects with third-party companies and individuals that help facilitate technical aspects of the service, and may disclose visitor information in accordance with its Privacy Policy.

The data disclosed to Google and Crazy Egg will be transmitted outside of Canada to other jurisdictions, including the United States. Data transmitted to other jurisdictions will be subject to the laws of those jurisdictions. Data transmitted to the United States will be subject to the laws of the United States, including the USA Patriot Act. 

The IP address, and any other personal information including, but not limited to, information in digital markers used in relation to Web analytics, is retained by IDRC for a maximum period of 18 months.

Specific personal information such as a user’s name, phone number or e-mail address is only gathered and retained where users provide such information voluntarily when using a functionality on this website. In such cases, the information collected will be used only for the intended purpose (for example, sending us a message or request for information through our ‘Contact Us’ form).

Please note that this website provides links to other sites that are not covered by this Privacy Notice.