The Sustainable Development Goals seek to eliminate poverty and create better life conditions for everyone. Gender equality is a goal in its own right, but also a precondition for achieving others.
At the Centre of Excellence for CRVS Systems, we recognize that to achieve gender equality, it is critical to have reliable, real-time data that is disaggregated by sex, geographic location, and other locally relevant characteristics to guide development policies and programs. This is particularly important for meeting the needs of vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations, the overwhelming majority of whom are women and children.
Protecting women and children
Birth registration is a fundamental human right and an important tool for social protection. It is a gateway to registering other vital events throughout a person’s lifetime, and to securing adult identity documents. Proof of age and identity is critical to ensure that women, children, and other vulnerable groups can get jobs, open bank accounts, access credits and loans, own businesses, and vote. Having a trusted and trustworthy identity document can also be a tool to protect girls from early marriage.
Removing barriers, seeking balance
Evidence suggests that while boys and girls are registered almost equally at birth, legislation often favours births being registered by male family representatives. This poses a serious barrier for women to register the births of their children, particularly women who are unmarried, or have been displaced due to violence or conflict. The result is that the world’s most vulnerable women and children are further disadvantaged.
Marriage, divorce, and death registration are also critical tools for women’s empowerment, and for facilitating access to social benefits and protections. These are needed to access property rights, pension benefits, child support, or inheritance when a marriage ends, or when a spouse or parent dies.
Supporting policy and program development
Only 15% of the world’s population lives in countries where more than 90% of births and deaths are registered, and evidence suggests that women’s deaths are less likely to be registered than men’s. If the deaths of women and girls go unregistered, it compromises governments’ abilities to identify preventable causes, and develop policies and programs that reduce them.
Strong CRVS systems equip countries with evidence that can help inform the design and implementation of public policies to address the unique needs of vulnerable groups – particularly young single mothers, widows, migrants, refugees, and members of minority ethnic or religious groups.
The Centre of Excellence advocates for strong CRVS systems to monitor progress toward gender equality, and pursues a programming approach that is intentional about integrating gender analysis across all our activities.
Watch the proceedings of our global meeting on gender and CRVS, held February 2018